Biodiversity means the natural variety of life forms. Maintaining
biodiversity includes keeping different species of plants and animals
and genetic varieties of the same species (such as potatoes). It
also involves keeping and maintaining a range of ecosystems where
plants and animals live, such as grasslands and woodlands.
Victorian Essential Learning Standards Domains and (Levels):
Humanities - Geography (3,4,5)
Duration: 45 minutes plus depending on the depth of discussion.
the column on the left is a list of farming activities that might
contribute to increasing biodiversity on a farm and in the local
area. In the column on the right, are the reasons these activities
might be carried out by farmers. This list is all mixed up.
each farming activity. Think about the benefits and how this practice
might enhance biodiversity. Find a matching reason in the right
the answer column write the corresponding letter of your selected
reason for each activity.
(Primary levels use the first seven rows.)
of these activities might save a farmer time and/or money?
activities might increase the amount of food or fibre produced
on a farm?
additional ways might plants, animals and local environments
benefit from the activities and associated reasons? For example,
if native grasses produce seed this can feed native birds and
the Locals" a food web activity. It is available here
online in the "Curriculum
Legumes are plants such as beans and lentils that have seeds inside
a double-seamed pod. Legumes have a special relationship with soil
bacteria that take nitrogen from the air (that plants can't use)
and turn it into nitrogen in the soil. This ability to "fix"
nitrogen adds fertility to the soil so that crop plants such as
wheat can use it.